Cardamom is a tree belonging to the ginger family, which looks like ginger but is much larger. The fruit can be up to 2-3m high, the stem diameter can be up to 4cm. Its fruit grows at the root of each plum red plum.
Cardamom fruits have been planted in Vietnam since the late 18th century. It is suitable for mountainous areas of 1,000-2,000m above sea level in the north such as Lao Cai, Lai Chau, Cao Bang, Ha Giang and Tuyen Quang.
As a preferred species of shade and moisture, cardamom grows well under broadleaf forests such as oaks, oak forests or other mixed forests. Average annual temperature of 15-20oC and rainfall of 2,000mm / year is appropriate. It does not get hot but it’s cool. Cardamom fruit requires nutrient-rich soil to grow well.
At present, in Lao Cai province, nearly 3,000 ha of cardamom (the largest in the North West), the average yield of 250 kg dried fruit per hectare, Up to now, Ha Giang province has more than 8,000 hectares of orchard, mostly in four districts: Vi Xuyen, which is nearly 2,900 hectares, Quan Ba of 2,500 hectares, Hoang Su Phi with 2,100 hectares. Xin Man district nearly 1,200 ha. On average, every year, the province grows from 150 to 200 ha. According to calculations, each year, yield of dried fruit reached over 1 thousand tons Vietnam black cardamom
Mainly harvested seeds of cardamom. Each fruit has over 20 seeds. Particularly characteristic for its aroma, it contains up to 1.5% of hot, spicy, hot oil. The main chemical composition is the essential oil. When it comes to cardamom nutrients, top experts recognize cardamom as a herb with a high content of nutrients, such as carbohydrates; riboflavin and thiamine; the protein; Vitamins like vitamin C, niacin, pyridoxine, minerals such as phosphorus, calcium, copper, manganese, iron, magnesium and zinc; fiber; oil…
It is considered as a medicinal plant that treats many diseases such as abdominal pain, flatulence, chest pain, malaria, etc. This is also a kind of spices used in oriental medicine as well as in cuisine. In addition, it is used to make candy. More detail:
– In medicine, cardamom has a spicy taste, aroma, warmth. Scalloped fruit is used as a cure, fever, warmth and help eat delicious.
– Too many dried fruits are often used in food, which is widely used to create delicious taste for many dishes.
– Talk to help reduce the amount of caffeine in the body.
– Reduces stomach uptake and body cooling
– In folk, cardamom is used to reduce abdominal pain in children, reduce sore throat, reduce nerve pain, treat allergic respiratory infections such as cough, cold, bronchitis and asthma.
Hoang Su Phi District (Ha Giang) is the northern Vietnam has a large area of Vietnam black cardamom. Not many people in the highlands get rich from this tree.
Although it is a precious herb, it is hardly sold out in the domestic market, mainly for Chinese traders.
With the aim of helping farmers find the output for their agricultural products, contributing to the development of Vietnam’s agriculture, VNJ Vietnam will act as a bridge for importers to link. with farmers who produce Vietnam black cardamom.